Do you yearn to practice archery? Will you purchase bows? If “yes,” then you must be aware of the answers to the following two questions.

Which is more effective, the longbow vs the short bow? Which is more potent, a longbow or a crossbow? You’ll ask yourself these queries as soon as you step foot to buy the best bows from Amazon. You must be aware of the main characteristics of the bows before purchasing any of them.

All you need to do is explore the text to get a comprehensive understanding of those bows.

What is Longbow?

A Longbow is an ancient weapon of immense power and accuracy. They are typically the same height as the archer or taller and are made of a single piece of wood, like yew. You can fire incredibly powerful shots with exceptional precision and accuracy thanks to the impressive height and weight of these bows.

The unique design consists of a curved wooden stave with a long string strung from one end to the other; when the bowstring is pulled back, it propels an arrow through the air at high velocity. While their range and accuracy could surpass that of modern firearms in some cases, their greatest asset was psychological: Their presence on the battlefields made them symbols of strength and courage, inspiring soldiers to bravely face their foes.

What is Shortbow?

Short bows on the other hand tend to be composed of several pieces of wood joined together, have a shorter length, and require less effort to draw back – making them ideal for beginner archers. In terms of accuracy, they can usually hit their mark at shorter distances than a longbow.

This approach makes them perfect for both competitive shooting and hunting purposes. It requires higher levels of skill and strength to use compared to standard archery, but those who master the art of short bow are rewarded with improved accuracy and efficiency when releasing arrows. One important element that can significantly impact an archer’s accuracy is eye dominance.

Longbow vs Shortbow: What Are the Differences?

If you want to know about longbow vs short bow, distinctions are mentioned above, although the reality is a little more subtle. While looking for a new bow, there are seven key elements to consider.


A longbow’s length can range from six to seven feet, and it usually corresponds to the archer’s height. A longbow’s handle, which is its widest portion, can vary in thickness from 33 to 75 per cent of its overall width.

In the case of short bows, the length is what designates it as a short bow. A short bow ranges from 36 inches to 60 inches in length on average.


When comparing longbows vs short bows, one of the most notable differences is their respective shooting ranges. Longbows tend to have a greater range than short bows due to their longer draw length, more powerful limbs, and heavier arrow weight. When shooting with a longbow, archers can reach distances up to 200 yards, while experienced bowmen may even shoot arrows beyond 300. yards. In contrast, the effective range of a short bow typically tops out at 150. yards or less.


Shooting is slower with longbows since they allow for fewer shots per minute. On the other hand, short bows are renowned for their lightning-quick aim and shooting skills.

It takes less energy to shoot the arrow far, though, because the short bow is shorter, and the bowstring is pulled out shorter. However, because the draw of the string is tighter than that of a longbow, the arrow shoots out more quickly.


Longbows and short bows have key distinctions when it comes to their arrows. For longbows, the arrows need to be longer due to the size of the bow itself, ranging between 28-30. inches in length with a heavier spine weight than a short bow’s arrow. Meanwhile, arrows for short bows are typically shorter, about 18-20 inches, and feature lighter spines. Longbows require an arrow made from tougher materials such as wood or aluminum so that it can withstand the tension.

Draw Length

Since the longbow is long, you can draw the string farther because it is longer. Longbows have longer draw lengths because of their larger size. The arrow has the power to shoot over great distances because of the longer draw length.

A short bow’s length of the draw is shorter than a longbow and its size ranges up to five feet. Therefore, the length of the bowstring you can draw is constrained by its size. The archer can shoot from closer ranges because of the shorter draw length.

You won’t be able to use your entire draw length whether you use a shorter or longer longbow proportionate to your height.


Single wood is used to make longbows. In contrast, short bows are made from multiple wood pieces. Both longbows and short bows incorporate types of wood, such as yew, elm, maple, oak, and many others in construction.


The weight of the draw and how to hold an arrow determine the power of a bow. Additionally, the force necessary to propel the arrow is released by the weight of the draw.

The force (draw weight) is greater if your bow is larger in size. As a result, the longbow will launch the arrow with more force than a short bow. The bow can shoot farther when it has a heavier draw weight.


The price will vary depending on the bow’s quality even though a short bow is less expensive than a longbow. Materials used in their construction influence the of each bow. Hand-made bows are more expensive.

The cost of a typical longbow could range from $100 to $400. A well-made longbow, on the other hand, can cost up to $1,000.

As a result of using fewer materials, short bows are less expensive than longbows. If you want to purchase a short bow, you can do so for anywhere between $60 and $200.

Shortbow vs Longbow: Which Is Better?

A longbow is more powerful than a short bow, but it is also heavier and more difficult to use. Longbows have greater range and firepower, while short bows are much lighter and easier to maneuver. However, in close combat situations or when hunting small game, a short bow may be the better choice due to its smaller size and faster rate of fire. It comes down to personal preference and the type of situation you will be using the bow for.

Pros for Shortbow

  • Small bows are significantly more portable and mobile. Short bows provide the best circumstances for persons sprinting, turning sharp bends, or hunting in confined locations.
  • A short bow allows you to shoot arrows much more quickly without sacrificing accuracy or force since its draw force and draw length are substantially smaller than those of a longbow.
  • For individuals who ride horses, short bows are the finest option. While hunting while mounted on a horse is uncommon today, it is not impossible. It’s essential to fire and dash as quickly as you can when pursuing swift prey.

Cons for Shortbow

  • Accuracy varies with short bows. More draw force equates to better accuracy. Many short bows aren’t built to be precise because they lack a lot of power.
  • They are not the greatest option for hunting huge animals. A short bow lacks the strength and range needed to dispatch large games. Even if you could hit the target, you could aggravate it rather than hurt it.

Pros for Longbow

  • Surprisingly, longbows are far more precise than you may think. Because of their design, you may shoot arrows straighter and for a longer period, boosting the probability that they will strike the animal you are hunting.
  • They can shoot farther than short bows. Long arcs store a significant amount of energy compared to short arcs. The more pressure, the farther you shoot.
  • Longbows are compatible with powerful arrows. Heavy arrows are great for hunting huge games, but they also work well for target practice. Whilst they won’t have as much of an impact, you can choose lighter arrows if you’d like.

Cons for Longbow

  • These bows are typically more expensive than a short bow. How to take care of bows is another crucial aspect. If you want a high-end longbow, get ready to pay more because they’re made for heavy arrows, and shoot farther impacting to a greater extent.
  • Longbows have a restricted range of motion. Except for exceptionally talented individuals, it is impossible to ride a horse and fire a longbow while running.

Final Thoughts

Short and longbows will be around for many years to come. They’re quieter than shotguns, more nostalgic than most hunting types, and often result in a cleaner skinning and gutting process. A short bow and a long bow both offer specific advantages and disadvantages. You should therefore choose your option carefully as it may affect or interfere with your hunting or archery practice.

It comes down to personal preference when deciding which type of bow to use; however, it’s important to note that modern versions of both the longbow and short bow come with many different features to suit any archer’s needs.